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Music-Dance: Sound and Motion in Contemporary Discourse and Practice

Conference organized by Gianmario Borio, Patrizia Veroli and Gianfranco Vinay

Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venezia, Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore

MusicDance

Oskar Schlemmer, Tänzerin (Die Geste), 1922-23. Pinakothek der Moderne, München © 2015. Foto Scala, Firenze/bpk, Bildagentur füer Kunst, Kultur und Geschichte, Berlin (detail)

The conference aims to investigate principles, methodologies and performance practices that have recently involved music and dance, opening new areas of research for choreologists and musicologists. At the center of our exploration lie the identity of the choreomusical work, the complexities of its authorship and the concept of incorporation.

Dance performance has been the object of new considerations aimed at analyzing its organic plurality, with the musical aspect becoming a main priority. Following pioneering research by musicologists interested in ballet (Wiley 1985, Smith 2000), some scholars have brought to the field both musical and choreographic expertise, theorizing and pursuing the permeability between the two disciplines. They tend to analyze not so much the intertwining of sound and motion but rather the ways in which the co-presence of these two expressive forms creates a new dimension. A renewed attention in the dynamics of listening and vision as well as a full recognition of kinesthetic empathy have been able to make use of the advances in cognitivism and neuroscience to invest the choreomusical phenomenon in its integrity and coherence. In the last decade, a series of conferences have played their part in creating a theoretical base for ‘choreomusicology’, also extending its range of influence with many new case studies.

These new issues will be considerate in our conference from an interdisciplinary perspective, with the objective of reaching a high level of integrated reflection. The repertoire which can be taken into consideration ranges widely from the Ballets Russes of Diaghilev to the present day.

Session 1: Musical Notation and Choreo-graphy

Nicolas Donin, Claudia Jeschke, Marina Nordera

The musical score can be seen as a graphic image of the sound. Its historical evolution is linked not only to the transformation of the constituents of musical language and their fixation with graphical signs, but also to the changing conventions in performance traditions, music theory and aesthetics that have privileged some musical parameters rather than others. If we are to consider that two of the fundamental elements of music, i.e. time and sound, are not reproducible in signs, it is possible to understand how little a score can contain of a musical work. Despite the existence of a margin of freedom between the graphical image and the realization of sound, the musical score remains prescriptive. However, when it becomes part of a choreomusical project, it changes its status, becoming a flexible structure that can give origin to a number of symbolic weavings and associations.

Despite the terminology identifying its creative practice (choreography) and the invention of various ways of noting it down (choreo-graphies), Western dance performance is linked to an oral dimension and follows a different course to the one pertaining to music. The composition and execution of dance are inseparable from corporeal presence, but not from that of a text. The systems of notation, devised since the end of the fifteenth century, display a complex relationship between dance, language and writing. They are ‘texts’ of a kind of non-written ‘performing knowledge’, that allows more or less partial access to the relationship between culture, writing and movement creation, and to the theories related to the body and movement which have led to its formulation.

Goals such as aide-mémoire, recording, transmission, a public and neutral identification of movement have guided the conception of codes that use abstract signs and figurines, sometimes adopting musical notation and sometimes producing thoroughly new graphical systems.

Session 2: Choreomusical Poetics: Strategies and Processes

Stephanie Jordan, Susanne Franco, Ulrich Mosch

A choreographer can commission a score, use one or more existing pieces of music, draw from oral tradition, recordings or live improvisation. In the first decades of the twentieth century, the repertoire of Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes show several examples of direct collaboration between composer and choreographer; also today in the wake of this legendary company, many choreographers and performance artists try to establish a creative understanding with composers. In the 1950s John Cage and Merce Cunningham have theorized and practiced a cooperation based on the reciprocal autonomy of the visual and sound components, whose meeting should be exclusively dictated by chance. This kind of collaboration has opened the way to an awareness of ontological independence between sound and movement.

On the basis of what aesthetic and/or productive principles does the collaboration between choreographer and composer occur and develop? When music and dance are theorized as independent, are they reciprocally indifferent? What poetic modalities and poietic demands push a choreographer to make use of a pre-existing music score? What new meanings does music gain when inserted in a collage including music from other historical-cultural contexts? When that happens, what is the impact on the choreomusical work?

Session 3: Sentient Bodies

Dee Reynolds, Lawrence Zbikowski, Eric Clarke

An interdisciplinary perspective on the embodied quality of the cognitive processes has brought to a new interaction between dance and music, and science. In recent decades, cognitive science has recognized that the mind of each individual is tightly linked to social context, that cognitive processes are dependent on experience, and that thought is only partially expressed through language. The so-called ‘grounded cognition’ (Barsalou 2008) considers, among other things, the role of the imagination as a mediator in the relationship between body and mind, whereas neuroscientists have demonstrated how corporeal experience can influence knowledge. The discovery of mirror neurons (Gallese et al. 1996), activating imitative identification on the basis of phenomena of motor resonance, has brought to the fore the old concepts of Einfühlung (Lipps, 1913) and of “metakinesis” (Martin, 1939) that postulated an interaction between who moves and who watches that movement. Kinesthetic empathy determines a sharing of an emotional state shaped by personal history as well as by the sociocultural context to which the audience belongs. Further research has shown that mirror neurons are activated even by sound stimuli. FMRI (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) techniques and sophisticated recording technologies allow human motion in space to be analyzed, correlating neural activity both to the person who moves and the one who watches the motion. They also permit the realization of functional mappings of the structures involved in the perception of sound (Gazzola et al. 2006). It has also been proved that in the absence of real perceptions, an individual has the capacity to simulate perceived information, including that associated with motor actions (Barsalou, 1999), that can propagate themselves through an analogical route, passing for example from music to movement and vice versa. The experience can act on cognitive structures also via ‘image schemata’ (Johnson 1987), that is models of thought, or rather conceptual metaphors (Lakoff-Johnson 2008) based on repeated models of corporeal experience.

Scientific contributions of this type offer opportunities to reflect on constructive processes of the meaning of a choreomusical work, from the perspective of both the watcher and listener, and from the perspective of creator and interpreter, as well as on the modalities through which movement and sound act on the perceptive process. The emergence of parameters inspired by gesture and corporeal acts, such as ‘the musical gesture’, demonstrates the extent to which somatocentric orientation has acquired an important role in recent musicological research.

Session 4: Dynamic Interactions of Motion and Sound

Inger Damsholt, Massimiliano Locanto, Julia H. Schroeder

The plurality of contexts that today present a simultaneous happening of sound and motion offers important elements for analyzing the ways in which the various elements of a choreomusical work intertwine. The audiovisual synthesis has been considered in a multi-media, above all filmic, environment, using various premises and reaching partially divergent conclusions. Nicholas Cook (1998) has indentified three possible modalities of media interaction: ‘comformance’, ‘contest’ and ‘complementation’. ‘Comformance’ refers to a kind of synaesthesia, in which sound and image respond closely to each other; ‘contest’ consists of forms of competition or rather of opposition that can act on the work’s poetic intention in a significant way; finally, ‘complementation’ identifies possible integrations between the first two modalities. Cook, Gorbman (1987) and Chion’s (1990) studies of film music have explained the relationship between the arts implicated as characterized by negotiation. In the wake of Miriam Bratu Hansen’s essays (2012), could the structure of the audiovisual text be brought into focus starting with the principles of synchronization and editing? How do such principles respond to the challenges of A digital reality characterized by an incessant proliferation of new media where music and performance interact? How can theories elaborated until now, be applied to the world of dance performance? Which tools does an analysis of the choreomusical work need in order to embrace the multifarious dynamics of motion and sound? How useful or limited can be the investigation of audiovisual recordings?

Session 5: Live bodies, mediatized bodies, ‘metabodies’

Antonio Camurri, Susan Broadhurst, Rolf Inge Godøy

In recent times technological resources have allowed a detailed analysis of musical aspects and parameters as well as of gestural constituents of musical execution and interpretation. Research shows that the performer’s body is not only a medium, a mechanism needed to translate a virtual musical image (mental and/or graphic) into a real acoustic image, but it also assumes an important role in the definition of that image and the attribution of the so called expressive characters. When the interpreter’s gestures, actions and mimics are analyzed not only for their acoustic and sound outcomes, but also for their visual impact on the audience (Davidson 1995), a space for common musicological and choreological research is open.

Practices such as motion tracking, which implies the application of sensors or markers to the interpreter’s body, and Artificial Intelligence (an agent capable of perceiving and interacting in the area in which it is situated) offer artistic and didactic opportunities. Digital technologies are nowadays fully integrated in mental, creative and performing processes. They modulate notions of interactivity and ‘liveness’, and open new possibilities to the relationship between body and sound in space and time. Wireless sensors applied to the performer’s body allow the manipulation of digital sound in real time, translating gesture into another medium. These new perspectives may also be read in terms of a ‘metabody’, which is conceptualized as a ‘body of relations in movement’ and of unstable identity, exceeding the Cartesian division between body and mind. Technology plays a fundamental role in it (del Val, Sorgner, 2011). The ‘metabody’ is currently the focus of a European project (www.metabody.eu, 2013-2018).

Selected Bibliography

  • Barsalou, Lawrence W., “Perceptual Symbol System”, in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 1999.
  • Barsalou, Lawrence W., “Grounded Cognition”, in Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 2008.
  • Bratu Hansen, Miriam, Cinema and Experience: Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.
  • Chion, Michel, L’audio-vision, Nathan, Paris, 1990.
  • Cook, Nicholas, Analysing Musical Multimedia, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.
  • Davidson, Jane W., « What Does the Visual Information Contained in Music Performances Offer the Observer? Some Preliminary Thoughts », in Reinhard Steinberg (a c. di), The Music Machine Psycho-physiology and Psychopatology of the Sense of Music, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1995.
  • Del Val, Jaime, Stefan Sorgner, “Metahumanist Manifesto, Interview and Review”, in The Agonist. Nietzsche Circle, IV, 2, 2011. [Link].
  • Gallese, Vittorio et al., “Action Recognition in the Premotor Cortex”, in Brain, v. 119, 2, 1996.
  • Gazzola, Valeria et al., “Empathy and the Somatotopic Auditory Mirror System in Human”, in Current Biology, 16, 2006.
  • Gorbman, Claudia, Unheard Melodies: Narrative Film Music, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1987.
  • Johnson, Mark L., The Body in the Mind: the Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1987.
  • Lakoff, George, Mark L. Johnson, Metaphors We Live By, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2008.
  • Lipps, Theodor, Zur Einfühlung, W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 1913.
  • Martin, John, Introduction to the Dance, W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 1939.
  • Smith, Marian E., Ballet and Opera in the Age of Giselle, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2000.
  • Wiley, Roland John, Tchaikovsky’s Ballets: Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, Nutcracker, Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York, 1985.

Source : Fondazione Giorgio Cini

Lien vers le programme (pdf – italien/anglais) et les informations pratiques : Fondazione Giorgio Cini

Bibliographie #2 : L’iconographie de la danse

Nous poursuivons cette année notre réflexion historiographique et méthodologique sur les usages de l’iconographie dans l’histoire de la danse.

Vous trouverez ici la bibliographie que nous avons constitué pour la préparation des séances du séminaire. Elle n’est pas exhaustive.

Toutes vos suggestions de lectures complémentaires seront les bienvenues.

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Gabriel de Saint-Aubin, Interior of the Coliseum, Paris, ca 1771-1780, black chalk with watercolour, British Museum.

Gabriel de Saint-Aubin, Interior of the Coliseum, Paris, ca 1771-1780, black chalk with watercolour, British Museum.

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1. Historiographie – Méthodologie

Barbichon Guy, « Usages de l’image : faire, dire », Ethnologie française, nouvelle série, t. 24, n° 2 : Usages de l’image, avril-juin 1994, pp. 169-175.

Burke Peter, Eyewitnessing, London, Reaktion, 2001.

Burke Peter, « Interrogating the Eyewitness », Cultural and Social History, 7:4, 2010, pp. 435-443.

Garelli Marie-Hélène, « Gestuelle et danse dans le monde antique. Deux questions de bibliographie », Pallas, 71, 2006, pp. 151-167.

Goetschel Pascale, « Les usages de l’image en histoire », Vie sociale, « Iconographie et histoire sociale », n° 1, 2005, pp. 21-41.

Hunt Lynn et Vanessa R. Schwartz, « Capturing the Moment: Images and Eyewitnessing in History », Journal of Visual Culture, décembre 2010 9:3, pp. 259-271.

Maguet Frédéric, « De la série éditoriale dans l’imagerie : l’exemple des costumes régionaux », Ethnologie française, nouvelle série, t. 24, n° 2 : Usages de l’image, avril-juin 1994, pp. 226-241.

Vigarello Georges, « Le corps comme objet de représentation : un regard d’historien », dans B. Madiot, É. Lage, A. Arruda (dir.), Une approche engagée en psychologie sociale : l’œuvre de Denise Jodelet, Paris, Érès, 2008, p. 189-197.

Vovelle Michel, Idéologies et mentalités, Paris, François Maspero, 1982.

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2. Histoire des images et des techniques de reproduction

Baridon Laurent, Guédron Martial, L’art et l’histoire de la caricature, Paris, Citadelles & Mazenod, 2009, 303 p.

Bassy Alain-Marie, « Le texte et l’image », dans Roger Chartier, Henri-Jean Martin (dir.), Histoire de l’édition française, vol. II : Le Livre triomphant. 1660-1830, Paris, Fayard, Cercle de la librairie, 1990.

Cabanne Pierre, Honoré Daumier, témoin de la Comédie humaine, Paris, Éditions de l’Amateur, 1999, 189 p.

Gaudriault Raymond, La gravure de mode féminine en France, Paris, Éditions de l’Amateur, 1983, 223 p.

Gaudriault Raymond, Répertoire de la gravure de mode française des origines à 1815, Paris, Promodis – Éditions du Cercle de la Librairie, 1988, 309 p.

Gervereau Laurent, Histoire du visuel au XXe siècle, Paris, Editions du Seuil, 2003.

Grivel Marianne, Le commerce de l’estampe à Paris au XVIIe siècle, Genève : Droz, Paris : Champion, 1986, 448 p.

Michaud Stéphane, Mollier Jean-Yves, Savy Nicole (dir.), Usages de l’image au XIXe siècle, Créaphis, 1992.

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3. Théories des images

Agamben Giorgio, Image et mémoire, Paris, Hoëbeke, 1998.

Careri Giovanni, Lissarrague François, Schmitt Jean-Claude et Severi Giovanni (dir.), Traditions et temporalités des images, Paris, éd. de l’EHESS, 2009.

Careri Giovanni, Envols d’amour. Le Bernin montage des arts et dévotion baroque, Paris, Usher, 1990.

Careri Giovanni, La Jérusalem délivrée du Tasse. Poésie, peinture, musique, ballet, Klincksiek, Musée du Louvre, 1999, 449 p. Edition des actes du colloque organisé à l’Institut Culturel Italien et au Louvre en 1993.

Careri Giovanni, Gestes d’amour et de guerre. L’image-affect. Poésie, peinture, théâtre et danse dans l’Europe du Tasse, Paris, éd. de l’EHESS, 2005.

Didi-Huberman Georges, Devant l’image : question posée aux fins d’une histoire de l’art, Paris, Éd. de Minuit, 1990.

Didi-Huberman Georges, Devant le temps : histoire de l’art et anachronisme des images, Paris, Éd. de Minuit, 2000.

Didi-Huberman Georges, L’Image survivante : histoire de l’art et temps des fantômes selon Aby Warburg, Paris, Éd. de Minuit, 2002.

Ginzburg Carlo, « De A. Warburg à E. Gombrich. Notes sur un problème de méthode », dans Mythes Emblèmes Traces. Morphologie et histoire (trad. M. Aymard et al.), Lagrasse, Verdier, 2010.

Marin Louis, Détruire la peinture, Paris, Galilée, 1977.

Marin Louis, Des pouvoirs de l’image, Paris, Seuil, 1993.

Marin Louis, De la représentation, Paris, Gallimard/Le Seuil, 1994, 396 p.

Marin Louis, Opacité de la peinture, Paris, éd. de l’EHESS, 2006, 263 p.

Michaud Philippe-Alain, Aby Warburg et l’image en mouvement, Paris, Macula, 1998

Panofsky Erwin, La perspective comme forme symbolique (trad. sous la dir. de Guy Ballangé), Paris, Ed. de Minuit, 1991.

Panofsky Erwin, Essais d’iconologie (trad. C. Herbette et B. Teyssèdr), Paris, Gallimard, 1979.

Severi Carlo (dir.), Image et anthropologie, numéro spécial de la revue L’Homme, n. 165, Janvier/ mars 2003.

Severi Carlo (dir.), Pièges à voir, pièges à penser, numéro spécial de la revue Gradhiva, 2011.

Warburg Aby, Essais florentins (trad. S. Muller), Paris, Klincksieck, 2003 [1990].

Warburg Aby,  Le Rituel du serpent, (trad. S. Muller et al.), Paris, Macula, 2003.

Warburg Aby, « Les costumes de scène pour les Intermèdes de 1589 » [1895], dans A. Surgers (trad. et présentation), La Pellegrina et les Intermèdes, Florence, 1589, Vijon, Lampsaque, 2009.

Warburg Aby, Miroirs de faille : à Rome avec Giordano Bruno et Édouard Manet, 1928-29 (trad. S. Zilberfarb), Dijon, Les Presses du réel, Paris, Institut national d’histoire de l’art, l’Écarquillé, 2011.

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4. Histoire & Culture Visuelle

Bal Mieke, « Part 3: Visual Analysis », dans A Mieke Bal Reader Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2006, pp. 269-334.

[Coll.], « Visual Culture Questionnaire », October, Vol. 77. (Summer, 1996), pp. 25-70.

Coronil Fernando, « Seeing History », Hispanic American Historical Review, 84.1 (2004) 1-4.

Dikovitskaya Margarita, Visual culture : the study of the visual after the cultural turn, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 2005, 316 p.

Bryson Norman, Michael Ann Holly, et Keith Moxey (éds.), Visual culture : images and interpretations, Hanover, NH : UP of New England / Wesleyan University Press, 1994, 429 p.

Evans Jessica and Stuart Hall (eds.), Visual Culture: The Reader London, Sage Publications Ltd., 1999, 512 p.

Holly Michael Ann and Moxey Keith (eds.), Art History, Aesthetics, Visual Studies, New Haven, CT: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute/Yale University Press, 2002.

Howells Richard, Visual culture, Cambridge, Polity, 2003, 292 p.

Jay Martin, « Cultural relativism and the visual turn », Journal of Visual Culture, December 2002 1, pp. 267-278.

Jay Martin, Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1994, 648 p.

Mirzoeff Nicolas, « On Visuality », Journal of Visual Culture, 5:1, avril 2006, pp. 53-79.

Mirzoeff Nicolas, « What is Visual Culture? », An Introduction to Visual Culture, London, Routledge, 1999, p. 1-33.

Mirzoeff Nicholas, Bodyscape : art, modernity and the ideal figure, London, Routledge, 1995, 214 p.

Mitchell, W.J.T., Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1987, 226 p.

Mitchell, W.J.T., Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Mulvey Laura, « Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema », Screen, 16.3, Autumn 1975, pp. 6-18.

Mulvey Laura, Visual & Other Pleasures, London, Palgrave MacMillan, 2009 (1989).

Phelan Peggy, Unmarked: the politics of performance, London, Routledge, 1993, 224p.

Schwartz Vanessa R., et Jeannene M. Przyblyski (éds.), The Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture Reader, London, Routledge, 2004, pp. 235-38.

Schwartz Vanessa R., Spectacular Realities: Early Mass Culture in fin-de-siècle Paris, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1998.

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5. Théâtre – Danse

Aliverti Maria Inès, Il Rittrato d’attore nel Settecento francese e inglese, Pisa, ETS ed., 1986, 168 p.

Aliverti Maria Inès, La Naissance de l’acteur moderne. L’acteur et son portrait au XVIIIe siècle, Paris, Gallimard, coll. « Le temps des images », 1998, 247 p.

Anglo Sydney, L’escrime, la danse et l’art de la guerre. Le livre et la représentation du mouvement, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2011, 95 p.

Asleson Robyn (éd.), Notorious Muse : the Actress in British Art and Culture, 1776-1812, New Haven-Londres, Yales University Press, 2003, 240 p.

Auclair Mathias, Vidal Pierre (dir.), Image[s] de la danse, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France ; Montreuil, Gourcuff-Gradenigo, 2008, 95 p.

Balme Christopher Bryan, Chiara Maria, Erenstein Robert, Molinari Cesare, Pietrini Sandra, European theatre iconography: proceedings of the European Science Foundation Network : Mainz, 22-26 July 1998, Wassenaar, 21-25 July 1999, Poggio a Caiano, 20-23 July 2000, Roma, Bulzoni, 2002, 388 p.

Clarke Mary, Crisp Clement, Ballet in art : from the Renaissance to the present, London, Ash & Grant, 1978, 144 p.

Claire Elizabeth, « L’inconvenance du corps révolutionnaire en Angleterre, ou la valse macabre », Analele Universitatii Bucuresti, Seria Historia, n° 58/2009, Editura Universitatii Bucuresti, 2010, pp. 49-66.

Cohen Sarah R., Art, Dance, and the Body in French Culture of the Ancien Regime, Cambridge, Melburne, Madrid, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 352 p.

[Coll.], Figures libres, Figures imposées de la danse. Exposition du 13 juin au 19 septembre 2010, Patrimoine en Isère – musée Saint-Antoine-l’Abbaye, 2010, 128 p. [Catalogue d’expo : l’iconographie de la danse de l’Antiquité au XXe siècle]

Debat Michelle (dir.), Photographie et danse, numéro spécial de la revue Ligiea, dossiers sur l’art, 2012.

Declercq Gilles, Guardia Jean de (dir.), Iconographie théâtrale et genres dramatiques. Mélanges offerts à Martine de Rougemont, Paris, Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2008, 272 p.

Erenstein Robert L., « Theatre Iconography: An Introduction », Theatre Research International, XXII, n° 3 (autumn 1997), pp. 185-189.

Guillot Catherine, « Portraits d’acteurs (XVIIe siècle – début XIXe siècle) », Revue d’histoire du théâtre, 1er trimestre 2008, n° 237.

Guilmar-Geddes Laurence, « De l’iconographie de quelques figures de ballet sous le règne de Louis XIV », La Recherche en danse, n° 2, 1983, pp. 39-44.

Hawcroft Michael, « Le théâtre français du XVIIe siècle et le livre illustré », dans Larry F. Norman, Philippe Desan, Richard Strier (dir.), Du spectateur au lecteur. Imprimer la scène aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles, Fasano, Paris, Schena Editore, Presses de l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 2002, pp. 317-348.

Heck Thomas (dir.), Picturing Performance: The Iconography of the Performing Arts in Concept and Practice, Rochester, N. Y.; Woodbridge, University of Rochester Press, 1999, 255 p.

Guibert Noëlle (dir.), Portrait(s) de Sarah Bernhardt, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2000, 207 p.

Guibert Noëlle, Garcia Joëlle (dir.), Acteurs en scène : regards de photographes, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2008, 125 p.

Kowzan Tadeusz, « Iconographie-iconologie théâtrale : le signe iconique et son référent », Diogène, n° 130 (avril-juin 1985), pp. 51-68.

La Gorce Jérôme de, Monbeig Goguel Catherine, Iconographie et arts du spectacle. Actes du séminaire CNRS, Paris, Klincksieck, 1996.

Launay Isabelle, « Portrait d’une danseuse en sorcière, Hexentanz de Mary Wigman », Théâtre / Public, 2000.

Louppe Laurence, « Le corps visible. La photographie comme source iconographique de l’histoire de la danse moderne et contemporaine. Supports, genres, usages », dans L’histoire de la danse, repères dans le cadre du diplôme d’Etat, Pantin, CND, 2000, pp. 46-54.

McCarren Felicia, Dancing Machines: Choreographies of the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Stanford Univ. Press, 2003, 264 p.

Mirimonde Albert P. de, L’iconographie musicale sous les Bourbons. La musique dans les arts plastiques (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles), Paris, Éditions A. et J. Picard, 1975, 202 p.

Music in Art. International Journal for Music Iconography, Vol. XXXVI, n° 1-2, Spring 2011. [N° spécial sur l’iconographie de la danse].

Nordera Marina, La construction de la féminité dans la danse (XVe-XVIIIe siècle), (catalogue d’exposition, Centre national de la danse, 4 novembre 2004-21 janvier 2005), Pantin, Centre national de la danse, 2004, 47 p.

Olivesi Vannina, « L’iconographie comme source dans l’historiographie du ballet de l’Opéra de Paris : l’exemple des Galeries théâtrales du premier XIXe siècle », dans Roxane Martin, Marina Nordera (dir.), Les arts de la scène à l’épreuve de l’histoire. Les objets et les méthodes de l’historiographie des spectacles produits sur la scène française (1635-1906). Actes du colloque international tenu à l’Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Paris, Honoré Champion, 2011, pp. 193-210.

Perry Gill, Roach Joseph, The First Actresses : Nell Gwyn to Sarah Siddons, London, National Portrait Gallery, 2011.

Quaderni di Teatro, VII, 28 (maggio 1985) : « Rittrato d’attore ».

Revue de la Bibliothèque nationale de France, n°29, 2008 : « La danse », pp. 3-36.

Rougemont Martine de, « Deux images d’un théâtre ou l’Image du Théâtre », Quaderni di Teatro, III, 11 (febraio 1981) : « Il teatro dell’Illuminismo », pp. 51-66.

Rougemont Martine de, « Situation de l’iconographie théâtrale », dans Jean-Marie Thomasseau (dir.), Le théâtre au plus près. Pour André Veinstein, Saint-Denis, Presses universitaires de Vincennes, 2005, pp. 168-182.

Rousier Claire (dir.), Scènes de bal, bals en scène, Pantin, Centre national de la danse, 2010, 124 p.

Sobchackz Vivian, Carnal Thoughts : Embodiment and Moving Image Culture, University of California Press, 2004, 340 p.

Sowell Madison U. (et al.), Il balletto romantico : tesori della collezione Sowell, Palermo, L’Epos, 2007, 242 p.

Van Dyk Katharina, « D’une figure d’extase. Étude d’une photographie de Doris Humphrey dans le solo Two Ecstatic Themes (1931) », Funambule, n° 10, déc. 2010, pp. 75-92.

Vertigo. Esthétique et histoire du cinéma, hors-série Danses, Marseille, Images En Manœuvres Éditions, octobre 2005.

West Shearer, The Image of the Actor: Verbal and Visual Representation in the Age of Garrick and Kemble, London, Pinter Publishers, 1991.

Wild Nicole, Décors et costumes du XIXe siècle, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, 2 vol., 1987.

Zorzi Ludovico, Représentation picturale et représentation théâtrale, Paris, G. Monfort, 1998.

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